Application Guide: Coatings and Substrates

This table is also available in PDF form: Coatings Guide

Ferrous Materials

Coating / Substrate: TiN
Titanium Nitride - C1
AlTiN
Aluminum Titanium Nitride - C3
AlTiN Nano
Aluminum Titanium Nitride Nano - C6
CBN
Cubic Boron Nitride
Applications / Benefits:
  • General purpose coating for machining ferrous materials.
  • High performance coating in ferrous materials.
  • Excellent high temperature resistance and hardness.
  • Maintains high surface hardness at elevated temperatures improving tool life and allowing faster feed rates.
  • Produces aluminum oxide layer at high temperature which reduces thermal conductivity, transferring heat into the chip.
  • Excellent in dry machining, machining titanium alloys, inconel, stainless alloys, and cast iron.
  • Premium coating in ferrous materials.
  • Latest generation AlTiN coating mixed with silicon to produce a unique nanocomposite coating. This structure improves hardness, heat resistance, and toughness over traditional AlTiN coatings.
  • Superior results, extended tool life and reduced cycle times over traditional AlTiN coatings in demanding applications where setup minimizes runout and vibration.
  • Not recommended for use in aluminum and aluminum alloys.
  • Solid CBN tipped endmills designed for finishing hardened steels 52Rc to 68Rc.
  • Use only in applications with light, consistent depth of cut.
  • Run at high RPM and feed rates.
  • Hardness of CBN is second only to diamond, and CBN can withstand high temperatures.
Materials:
Ferrous Materials / Exotic Metals

General Purpose Ferrous Materials Alloy steels, stainless steels, tool steels, titanium, inconel, nickel, and other aerospace materials Hardened steels, hardened stainless, nickel based alloys, tool steels, titanium alloys, inconel, and other aerospace materials Finished hardened steels 52Rc to 68Rc
Color: Gold Dark Gray / Black Blue / Black Black
Structure: Mono-layer Multi-layer Nano Composite Multi-layer Solid Cubic Boron Nitride
Hardness (GPa): 21.7 35.5 45.0 65.0
Coefficient of Friction: 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2
Coating Thickness (microns): 2-5 2-5 1-4 Solid CBN Tip
Max. Working Temp: 1000°F 1400°F 2100°F 2500°F

Non-ferrous Materials

Coating / Substrate: ZrN
Zirconium Nitride - C7
TiB2
Titanium Diboride - C8
Amorphous Diamond Diamond-Like Coating - C4 CVD Diamond PCD Diamond
Polycrystalline Diamond
Applications / Benefits:
  • High hardness, lubricity and abrasion resistance.
  • Improves performance over uncoated carbide in a wide variety of non-ferrous materials.
  • Less expensive alternative to diamond.
  • Primary benefit over other non- ferrous coatings is extremely low affinity to aluminum.
  • Prevents build- up on cutting edge, chip packing and extends tool life.
  • Recommended in Aluminum Alloys and Magnesium Alloys.
  • Not ideally suited for abrasive varieties of these alloys.
  • A PVD amorphous diamond coating which improves lubricity and wear resistance in non- ferrous materials.
  • Coating is thin relative to CVD diamond, preventing edge rounding.
  • Sharp edges improve results (performance and finish) over CVD in certain abrasive, non-ferrous materials (copper, brass, high silicon aluminum).
  • Low temperature threshold makes diamond unsuitable for ferrous applications.amorphous diamond
    Thin coating maintains sharper edge.
  • True Crystalline CVD diamond is grown directly into a carbide end mill.
  • Dramatically improves hardness.
  • Hardness improves abrasion resistance and extends tool life up to 50x and allows higher feed rates than uncoated carbide.
  • Ideal for machining Graphite, Composites, Green Carbide, and Green Ceramics.
  • Diamond layer approx 5 times thicker than Amorphous Diamond improving wear resistance.
  • Low temperature threshhold makes diamond unsuitable for ferrous applications.cvd diamond
    Thicker diamond layer for increased wear resistance.
  • PCD diamond is manufactured as a carbide backed flat wafer. The wafer is brazed to a carbide body to form an end mill.
  • PCD has excellent hardness and abrasion resistance, and is the thickest diamond layer we offer.
  • Sharply ground cutting edges and thick diamond layer combine the sharp edge benefits of Amorphous Diamond with the abrasion resistance of CVD Diamond.
  • Low temperature threshhold makes diamond unsuitable for ferrous applications.pcd diamond
    Thickest diamond layer ground to sharp edge.
Non-Ferrous & Non-Metallic Materials
Materials: Abrasive non-ferrous alloys such as Brass, Bronze, Copper and Abrasive Aluminum Alloys Aluminum Alloys, Magnesium Alloys Abrasive Plastics, Graphite, Carbon Fiber Materials, Composites, Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Bronze, Carbon, Gold, Silver, Magnesium, Zinc Graphite, Composites, Green Carbide, Green Ceramics Abrasive Plastics, Graphite, Carbon Fiber Materials,Composites, Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Bronze, Carbon, Gold, Silver, Magnesium, Zinc, Green Carbide, Green Ceramics
Color: Light Gold / Champagne Light Gray / Silver Charcoal / Gray Gray Gray / Black
Structure: Mono-layer Mono-layer Mono-layer True Crystalline CVD Multi-Layer Polycrystalline Diamond (Carbide Backed)
Hardness (GPa): 24.6 27.5 78-88 88-98 88-98
Coefficient of Friction: 0.5 0.45 0.1 .05-.3 .05-.2
Coating Thickness (microns): 2-5 1-3 .5-2.5 8-10 .010" - .030" Solid PCD Layer
Max. Working Temp: 1100°F 900°F 750°F 1100°F 1100°F


PLEASE NOTE: Information and test results were compiled from multiple sources and testing methods. Data presented is intended to be a general application guideline for comparing various coatings / substrates.



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